Migraine is a type of recurring headache that involves blood vessels, nerves, and brain chemicals, a severe headache that hampers activity and cripples the ability to lead a normal healthy life. A migraine may be experienced several times a week or once every couple of years.
While the precise cause of migraines is unknown, a genetic predisposition and environmental factors are the leading triggers. An internal or external trigger sets the process in motion.
Digestive causes - Skipping meals or fasting also can trigger migraines. Certain foods appear to trigger headaches in some people. Oily or fried food, groundnuts, certain pulses, protein overload, too much spicy food or meat, and coffee can all trigger headaches. Also alcohol, especially beer and red wine can be triggers.
Changes in sleep-wake pattern - Either lack of sleep or getting too much sleep may serve as a trigger for migraine attacks in some individuals
Hormonal changes - There is a tendency to develop migraines during hormonal changes- oestrogen related- before during or after menses, or during menopause. Migraine is three times more common in women than in men due to this. Hormonal medications also can worsen migraines.
Stress and emotional factors - Over work, emotional turmoil, anger out bursts, stress in any such form causes the arteries that supply blood to the head to swell and gives rise to an experience of severe pain. People who are prone to feelings like anxiety, anger, guilt and grief are more receptive to pain.
What triggers an attack of migraine?
Triggering factors are very individualistic and depends on the sensitivity of the person.
Common migraine triggers include:
Direct exposure to the heat of the sun, especially in the peak of summer. Head baths can also be a trigger. Enclosed stuffy spaces, high levels of humidity and weather changes
- Eyestrain- watching television, working with the computer and continuous reading
- Acidity, gastritis or Constipation can trigger headaches.
- Irregular meals and fasting, eating oily or spicy food, excessive Tea or coffee, and flatulent food. Alcohol- hang over, and especially wine can be a trigger.
- Lack of sleep or changing sleep patterns
- Traveling, long journeys, altitude and time zone changes
- Excess emotions- anger, depression or crying
- Pregnancy, during menopause, before or during menses.
- Heavy exercise, Perfumes and strong odors
The pain of a migraine headache is often described as an intense pulsing or throbbing pain usually affecting one side or both sides of the head, and is often accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and visual disturbances. The pain may be preceded by an "aura", of visual disturbances that appear as flashing lights, zigzag lines or a temporary loss of vision.
- Migraine attacks have several features but are very individualistic:
- Headaches that occur in bouts of between roughly 4 to 72 hours.
- Headaches usually affect one side of the head at a time, although both sides may be affected in separate attacks.
- Headaches are usually throbbing and worsened by normal physical activity
- Nausea and/or vomiting
- Preceding symptoms, called the ‘aura’ that most often are visual, such as zigzag lines or flashing lights across or at the edges of the fields of vision
- Other symptoms can include sensitivity to light and sound, or non-visual aura such as a sensation of tingling in the body
Homeopathy has excellent treatment for migraines. Along with the treatment there are few precautions which help prevent and during an attack of headache.
- Drink lots of water and fruit juices, buttermilk and tender coconut water
- Eat easily digestible food like curds, salads and fruits. Fresh and raw or mildly cooked food is better than cooked and oily food.
- Rest your eyes with a pad of cotton dipped in water
- If it is due to gastric disturbance, drinking jeera boiled with water relives the migraine. Ginger decoction is a natural drink that also helps relieve pain. It is an anti-inflammatory food that reduces pain.
- Avoid direct exposure to the sun. The suns hot, sharp, penetrating rays increase the dilation of the blood vessels in the brain, which results in the painful headaches. Use an umbrella or wear a hat or other protection from the sun.
- While traveling and in long flights, avoid having coffee, tea and alcohol and have a lot of water and fresh juice.
- Stay away from loud noise/ bright light and sun and listen to relaxing music.
Acute medicines in Homeopathy reduce the intensity of the headache and act effectively to relieve the pain, without increasing the nausea or aggravating the gastric symptoms.
Long term management – The Homeopathic treatment is very effective for the treatment and cure of migraine headaches. Chronic medication is aimed at reducing the intensity and frequency of the headaches and to treat the root cause of the problem.
A constitutional medicine selected on the basis of the complete attributes of the patient, past medical history, family history is the key to complete cure of migraine headaches.
Contact your Homeopath for relief from the migraine now.