GERD

GASTROESPHAGEAL (GERD) WITH GENERAL DIET & MANAGEMENT

⬛INTRODUCTION :->
GERD is a digestive disorder that affects the lower esophageal sphincter, the ring of muscle between the oesophagus and stomach.

⬛RISK FACTORS :->
Conditions that can increase risk of GERD include:
🔹Obesity
🔹Bulging of the top of the stomach up into the diaphragm (hiatal hernia)
🔹Pregnancy
🔹Connective tissue disorders, such as scleroderma
🔹Delayed stomach emptying

⬛COMMON SYMPTOMS :->
🔹A burning sensation in your chest usually after eating, which might be worse at night
🔹Chest pain
🔹Difficulty swallowing
🔹 Regurgitation of food
🔹Sensation of a lump in your throat

⬛COMPLICATIONS :->
🔹Narrowing of the oesophagus ( Oesophageal stricture.
🔹Oesophageal ulcer.
🔹Precancerous changes in oesophagus(Barrett’s oesophagus).

⬛DIET :->
🔆FOODS TO AVOID:
🔷Foods high in Cholesterol and Fatty Acids, such as meat etc.
🔷Calcium rich food, such as milk and cheese.
🔷High quantities of Salt.
🔷Citrus fruits.
🔷Alcoholic drinks.
🔷Other foods like:
▪chocolate
▪mint
▪carbonated drinks
▪coffee
▪tomato sauce

🔆FOODS TO INCLUDE:
🔷Protein from low-cholesterol sources, like, salmon, almonds, lentils, beans, lean poultry etc.
🔷Fruits high in Magnesium & Potassium, like, berries, apples, pears, avocados, melons, peaches, banana.
🔷Green vegetables, like, broccoli, spinach, kale, asparagus, Brussels sprouts.
🔷Foods rich in Vitamin C.
🔷Eggs.

⬛MANAGEMENT :->
🔆Eat meals at least 3 to 4 hours before lying down, and avoid bedtime snacks.
🔆Eat moderate portions of food and smaller meals.
🔆Maintain a healthy weight to eliminate unnecessary intra-abdominal pressure caused by extra calories.
🔆Limit consumption of fatty foods, chocolate, peppermint, coffee, tea, colas, and alcohol – all of which relax the lower esophageal sphincter.
🔆Wear loose belts and clothing.
🔆Raise the head of bed by 6 inches to allow gravity to help keep the stomach’s contents in the stomach.

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